Anniston Alabama History
Ellen Spears examines the history of erecting a monument to Freedom Riders after the 1961 bus bombing in Anniston, Alabama. Beat the Riders in Alabama "by Ellen Spears, a history professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
The publication "The Civil Rights Heritage Trail" was also written by Emily Blejwas with the support of the Alabama Department of Tourism. Please use this page for paid access to the same information that you collect here for your own research and education purposes.
The Civil Rights Heritage Trail, "by Emily Blejwas, a member of the Alabama Department of Tourism and a PhD student at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Anniston is home to one of the largest water systems in the state of Alabama, the Anniston Water System. The system, originally designed to supply water, drinking water, fire safety and industry in Annistown itself, has also been extended over the years to the city of Montgomery, Montgomery County, and the cities of Mobile and Mobile, Alabama.
Anniston has 16 properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, including City Hall, City Hall and many other historic buildings.
You can also learn more about how Calhoun County became involved in the civil rights movement by visiting it. The Freedom Rider Mural in Anniston had several relatives with founder Samuel Noble, including a statue of him and his wife Mary and a mural of his son John in downtown. There are many other historic buildings and monuments of the civil rights movement in Alabama, including several associated with him, such as a memorial to his daughter Margaret Noble.
Supra Publications, a division of the University of Alabama Press, Inc., a subsidiary of the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).
On May 24, 1961, a farmer joined the Montgomery Jackson Ride and was arrested with Jackson and taken to Parchman Prison. Later he was beaten in Montgomery, ridden to Birmingham and ridden back to Montgomery to spend time with P Archman.
The school also appeared to include a school for girls, founded in 1886, and the Alabama Presbyterian College for Men, founded in 1905. Ray made sure Alabama integrated its public schools and allowed Anniston to grow. In 1913, the system was sold to a company run by Ray's son William Ray Jr. and his son-in-law Charles Ray. Schools also appear to be included in the list of schools, including the School for Schools for Girls, founded in 1886, and Alabama Presbyterians' College for Men, founded in 1905, but it also appears to have been founded by schools for boys.
Part of the M.H. Company, which in the 1920s, under the leadership of William Ray Jr. and his son-in-law Charles Ray, and a number of other leading businessmen from Anniston, Alabama, manufactured cast iron fittings and valves.
The group was transported to Ardmore, near the Alabama-Tennessee line, and dropped off in an area that is said to be known for Klan activity.
On the morning of May 24, 1961, the Freedom Riders from Montgomery continued their journey, with two buses departing at different times from Jackson, Mississippi. One was on its way to Anniston, while the other was to land in New Orleans. More reporters joined in as the others arrived in Jackson, Mississippi, following the arrest of Nobel Peace Prize winners this summer. Two Freedom buses were supposed to go south under the 1964 Civil Rights Act, a Supreme Court case that declared racial segregation unconstitutional, and two of the buses that left Montgomery were en route to Jackson on their way to the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC.
Alabama Public Television built its tallest tower in Anniston on May 24, 1961, for $1.5 million. Located at the corner of Main Street and Main Avenue, in the center of downtown Alabama, it was the tallest building in Alabama and the second tallest in America.
The Noble Brothers Company produced weapons for the Confederates, and during the war the Confederate government operated an iron furnace in Anniston to transport iron to Selma to make iron panels for the Confederates. After the furnace was destroyed by the Union troops in 1865, a Confederate State of America built and operated iron furnaces in Alabama, which were in operation for several years before they were finally destroyed in early 1865 by an attack by the Union Cavalry.
In 1871, the Nobles planned a new kiln and purchased land in Anniston for the construction of an iron kiln on the site of the old Noble Brothers Company iron mill.